SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research is an open access, blind peer-reviewed Journal published by the Scientia Moralitas Research Institute. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS is a multidisciplinary journal publishing a wide range of high-quality papers in the field of humanities, education, theology, human rights, economics, philosophy, juridical, political and communication sciences, religion, history, current events, legal and social issues, human behavior and so on. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">The Journal is registered with the Library of Congress (DC, USA): </span><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2472-5331"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">ISSN 2472-5331</span></a><strong><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> </span></strong><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">(Print)</span></a><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;"> ISSN 2472-5358</span></a><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> (Online) and is published twice a year in both print and online.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; 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font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">WorldCat</span></a><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">.</span></p> en-US scientia.moralitas@email.com (Ioan Gheorghe Rotaru ) e.contact.rais@gmail.com (Eduard David) Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/111 Learning is a process that practically never stops and human life should be linked to this noble goal. There are two important days in a person's life, namely the day he was born and the day he becomes aware of why. Throughout this journey in which we manage to identify what is the source and what is the purpose of our life, we practically add with each new thing learned, with each new lived experience, we add something and we build a building. Ioan-Gheorghe Rotaru Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/111 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge-based Management of IT Projects with Methods of Artificial Intelligence to Increase Efficiency http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/112 The success of IT projects in companies is increasingly becoming a competitive factor. This study aims to analyze whether selected artificial intelligence (AI) methods and knowledge-based management (KBM) can provide benefits in the management of IT projects. The approach of knowledge management is of particular importance for companies, as the continuous and unpredictable changes are nowadays the standard in many business sectors. Consequently, knowledge has become an essential corporate resource. The deductive research approach in this paper has a qualitative exploratory design based on semi-structured interviews followed by Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA). The categories and coding used within the QDA were generated through an interview guide. The participants surveyed are proven experts in their field and hold high-ranking positions in industry, retail, consulting, and the public sector. This study shows that using artificial intelligence in conjunction with knowledge management is neglected in companies. AI is perceived and pursued, but knowledge management approaches are not consistently carried out. The limitation of this study is not limited to a specific type of IT project but focuses on classic project procedure models that are frequently found in practice. The study results can aid organizations in making their project management processes more efficient while benefiting from the resource of available implicit and explicit knowledge inside their organizations. No comprehensive framework for using AI methods and knowledge management in IT projects was found in the existing literature. Therefore, this study fills the research gap. Sascha Brüggen, Alexander Holland Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/112 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of the Concept of “Noble Savage” in Political Philosophy. Freedom and Social Organization from the Perspective of the Utopia of Primitive Society http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/113 The perception of primitive society as a positive one, based on freedom, natural law and virtue, has been the subject of humanities since Antiquity. Although the myth of the “Noble Savage” crystallized only in the Age of Enlightenment, the same fundamental ideas continue to arouse interest in the field of ethics or political philosophy. This paper focuses on the writings of two prominent philosophers who lived and created in different periods of human development, but who saw the distant past of mankind in the light of idealism: Lucius Annaeus Seneca and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Ana-Daniela Farcas Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/113 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Historical Perspective on the Work and Rest Dynamic in the Romanian Ethos http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/114 For Romanians the work-rest dynamic is a product of historical forces unique to this population. Therefore, the factors that have influenced the relation of Romanians to the work and rest dynamic and fatigue were examined. The factors are the turbulent medieval history of the Romanian people, the Orthodox Church, whose teachings have played an essential part in the development of the Romanians’ relation to work and rest, as well as the communist regime and the social and economical dynamics specific to the post-1989 era. Anda-Maria Mogos Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/114 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Major Donations Fundraising in German Hospitals – Donation Potential of High-Net-Worth Individuals for Top-Quality Medicine and Research http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/115 Due to financial constraints, urgent investments or even top-quality medicine and research projects with high financial requirements cannot be realized. Acquiring major donations as an additional funding source can contribute to this. Crucial here is the knowledge of the most potential donor target group - the high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs = financial assets of at least $1 million, UHNWIs = financial assets of at least $30 million) as major donors. However, there is no comprehensive empirical data on rich people as donors for medical projects in top-quality medicine in Germany. Thus, for the first time in Germany, the study investigates the extent to which the annual financing gap of the bilingual financing system of hospitals can be reduced with the help of UHNWIs and HNWIs. Furthermore, the focus is on how this target group can support specific medical funding projects in cutting-edge medicine and research to derive practical recommendations for action. This scientifically sound knowledge, obtained for the first time through the study, is indispensable for successful systematic fundraising for hospitals and clinics in the healthcare sector. The study follows a mixed-methods approach. First, splitting the study into two separate sub-studies, each with different target groups (hospital directors and (ultra)-high-net-worth individuals), examining the research question from two different perspectives. The first sub-study with the hospital directors has started, and the interviews’ initial results are already available. Axel Rump, Matthias Buntrock Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/115 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Madagascar: Shaping a People’s Identity through Its History http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/116 The specificity, uniqueness, and authenticity of a people is given by their social identity. This social identity is related to his history, the good and bad events the people went through, cultural accommodation, to the internal relations established within the people or groups, to experiences and international relationships. In this article, we defined the identity of the Malagasy people in relation to their history. The Malagasy people and their history are linked today to the Republic of Madagascar, located in the Indian Ocean in southeastern Africa. The Malagasy people are made up of twenty different ethnic groups settled in Madagascar over two major migrations over the last two thousand years. These groups of Malays from Kalimantan, Bantu, and Swahili tribes from East Africa, Muslims and Arab traders from the Arabian Peninsula, and Gujarati people from the west coast of India were forced to live and share a history together. Although some of the groups that came along have retained elements of their original identity, throughout history, all these groups have managed to create a common identity, called the Malagasy identity. Marcel Saitis Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/116 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Principles for Evaluating the Concept of Authority. The Tension Between the Christian-Conservative Perspective and Postmodernism http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/117 In a society of globalization toward which the contemporary world is going, it has been noticed a certain tension between the old and the new, between what has already been consolidated as a Christian ideology, most of it conservative, and what has come after and has gained more and more territory in the contemporary culture. Identified as a culture or as an ideology of Postmodernism. Both ideologies disputed and assumed the claim of authority rather ultimate, from the beginning and even more when they came into contact with one another, trying thus to gain an advantage. From this point of view it has been noticed the need of evaluating this concept (of authority) from common grounds so that the results can be rightly appreciated and equidistant toward both ideologies. Thus, it is urgent to define well the notion of authority so that after this endeavor we are able to have a right appreciation of the validity of a certain ideology; ”authority” is the concept that can bring a remarkable advantage on the field of ideas and values of life. Ionel Morariu Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/117 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship between Law and Morality http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/118 This article deals with issues related to the historical process of the emergence of law, showing that law has gradually detached itself from religious prescriptions, moral norms, and customs. First of all, the legal concepts of law and morality were defined, specifying that law is perceived as an objective ethic that aims to assess the external facts of people in relation to other people, while morality is perceived as a subjective ethics whose object is the appreciation of the internal facts of consciousness of human intentions. Secondly, the particularities of law and morality were outlined, clearly emphasizing both the connection and the differences between them, and lastly, some conclusions necessary for the treatment of this topic were observed. Timotei Floarea Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/118 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Blockchain’s Role in the Ontological Concepts Development http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/119 Blockchain is a new technology based on the idea of decentralization, which means the impossibility of control by governments or any other centralized entity. Studying Blockchain from the viewpoints of the philosophy of politics, economics and the law shows significant changes in the nature of human concepts such as trust, power, institution, money and law. This emerging revolution is driving these concepts from human-controlled system to an algorithmic structure, which would lead to an anarchic, self-sufficient world with self-determinism individuals. This research is an attempt to discover novel ontological changes in the traditional concepts due to the emergence of the new modern technology called Blockchain. Jamaleddin Shaeri Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/119 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Neoplatonism and Christian Thinking Leading the Self to the Good in Plotinus’ Philosophy http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/120 This article brings to the fore the problem of becoming a human being and consequently seeks an explanation for the mind-body ontological duality. The analysis considers the prism of the Plotinian vision. The author interprets the work Enneade extracting the argumentative scheme of Plotinus through which the dual nature of the human being seeks to reconcile the two ontologies. In Enneade, Plotinus expounds on the ways in which the human being tends to become the being, to his rational purpose, without denying the beauty of the sensitive world. The conclusion of the study identifies in Plotinus’ work the mystical ecstasy as the common element of the components of the human being, this being also the path to becoming. Oana Ispas Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/120 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Christianity and Anthropocentrism within the Poems of Oodgeroo Noonuccal http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/121 Lynn White, Jr. identifies Christianity as anthropocentric in nature. Before him, Max Weber, a German sociologist, tried to indicate a similar kind of interpretation of Judaism and Christianity. For him, the religion of the Bible was responsible for the ripping off the earth ‘from any religious, numen, significance—and holiness’ (Kunzmann 1). Carl Amery supported White’s view in The End of Providence: The Merciless Consequence of Christinity (1972). Later, Betsy S. Hilbert’s re-reading of Lynn White Jr.’s above discussed essay “The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis” in her essay “Beyond “Thou Shalt Not”: An Ecocritic Reads Deuteronomy” gives the issue a new dimension. She tries to find out White’s design behind proposing St Francis of Assisi as ‘a patron saint for ecologists’. Throughout the essay, Hilbert gives ample examples from the Bible to illuminate our apprehension of human relations to the environment. Critics like Betsy say that Christianity has been misinterpreted by earlier critics as rendering humans the power of ‘domination of nature’. But a proper study of the Bible shows God’s original design in endowing special power to humans: to take the responsibility of showing respect for the laws of nature. This paper intends to probe further into the issue and find out the possibilities of Christianity spreading ecocentrism. Dipanwita Pal Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/121 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Aspects of Judicial Competence under Community Law http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/122 According to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, when the European Union is conferred exclusive competence by the Treaties in a specific area, only the Union may legislate and adopt legally binding acts, the Member States being able to do so themselves only if so empowered by the Union or for the implementation of Union acts. The limits and conditions for the exercise of Union competence are laid down in the provisions of the Treaties relating to each area. With regard to the determination of the international competence of the Romanian courts, the example of succession matters is given, where the competence is acquired by meeting two conditions: the deceased had his last place of residence in Romania and the claim relates to movable or immovable property located in Romania. Andreea-Lorena Codreanu Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/122 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Marriage and Family in Different Cultures Throughout History – A Historical Overview http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/123 The essay provided an introductory overview on the role of marriage and family in different cultures throughout history. The cultures chosen are the Babylonian culture in the second millennium BC, the Egyptian culture during the first millennium BC, the culture of the Greek city states during the sixth and fifth century BC, Jewish culture during the Hebrew Testament times and early Judaism, the culture of the Roman Empire, the culture of Western Europe in medieval times and in modern times. It thus provided an overview of the diversity and complexity of the understanding and practice of the roles of marriage and family in different cultures at different times. Frank Hinkelmann Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/123 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Ethical Reflections on Consumerism and Evangelical Christianity in Romania http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/124 The paper highlights the negative, as well as the positive, consequences of consumerism for Evangelical communities in post-communist Romania. Consumerism is identified as a feature of postmodernity, as a way of life that focuses on pleasure, possessions, desire, and consumption. It may offer opportunities for Christian ministry, but it also presents a challenge due to its penchant for individualism, seeking one’s own satisfaction to the detriment of others, and the priority given to material aspects of life rather than spiritual matters. Dănuț-Daniel Martin Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/124 Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000